Nelson Mandela is responding well to treatment, according to his doctors.
Mandela is one of the most well-known and respected people in the world.
He is 94 years old and is in hospital, fighting a recurring lung infection.
Doctors say he is in serious but stable condition.
To many people around the world, Mandela is known as a great hero.
He fought for the freedom of blacks in South Africa.
During the 1950s until the late 1980s, South Africa was ruled by a relatively small number of white people. Black people, in the majority in the country, had few rights.
The separation of white people and black people** was known as “apartheid.”
Blacks were not allowed to be citizens, and were not given the same rights as white people. Services for black people were greatly inferior to those provided to white people. Black people were not allowed access to the best schools, hospitals, beaches or many other services to which the country’s white people had access.
Apartheid was denounced around the world, but South Africa’s government refused to change its policy.
Nelson Mandela, and people who followed him, wanted to change things.