The price for a bar of chocolate may soon be going up. That’s because cocoa beans, the main ingredient in chocolate, are becoming harder to get.
When people want something that is hard to get, prices usually go up.
People around the world are demanding more chocolate and the farmers who grow cocoa beans can’t keep up with the demand for them.
This shortfall, the difference between what is supplied and what is demanded, has gone on for a longer time than any other period in the last 50 years.
Cocoa beans are grown in Mexico and Central and South America, and the West Coast of Africa.
But the new demand for chocolate comes mainly from Asia, especially China, Indonesia and India.
Chocolate sales in China have more than doubled in the past 10 years, according to a website called Quartz.com.
The problem is that cocoa is a product that doesn’t make much money for farmers. Jean-Marc Anga, the executive director of the International Cocoa organization has been quoted as saying that cocoa prices have to go up so farmers will make more money and will continue to grow the beans. Right now farmers make only three per cent of the value of a chocolate bar.
Last month, 12 cocoa and chocolate companies signed an agreement that promised to help farmers continue growing cocoa.
According to Olam, one of companies, this agreement will provide farmers with some money, better planting materials, fertilizers and training in Ivory Coast and Ghana in Africa.
If this happens, it is expected that more farmers will want to grow cocoa.
By Kathleen Tilly
According to a website called Quartz.com, “Chocolate sales in China have more than doubled in the past 10 years.” Why do you think this is the case? What has caused a sudden love of chocolate in China?
Reading Prompt: Making Inferences/Interpreting Texts
The article explains, “Right now farmers make only three per cent of the value of a chocolate bar.” Who/what is making the rest of the money? Why do you think these farmers are making such little money?
Make inferences about texts using stated and implied ideas from the texts as evidence (OME, Reading: 1.5).
Use stated and implied ideas in texts to make inferences and construct meaning (OME, Reading: 1.5).
Develop and explain interpretations of increasingly complex or difficult texts using stated and implied ideas from the texts to support their interpretations (OME, Reading: 1.5).
Language Feature: Conjunction
Conjunctions are words that link ideas together. They help to make a sentence more fluid and easier to ready. The most common conjunctions are “and”, “but”, “yet”.
For example, the conjunction “and” links two ideas together in the following sentence from the article: “People around the world are demanding more chocolate and the farmers who grow cocoa beans can’t keep up with the demand for them.”
Use the conjuction ‘and’, ‘but’ or ‘yet’ to join the sentences together:
1. It was raining outside. The kids still decided to play soccer.
2. The store ran out of liquorice. They still had chocolate bars for sale.
3. Darryl has two brothers. He also has a cat named Sam.
4. The leaves on the trees were blooming. It was beginning to look like Spring.
5. Maryann put her shoes on her wrong feet. She didn’t care.